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Fairhope, Brewton, Atmore, Jay Phone (251) 928-6768

Wound Care

wound careThere are several types of wounds that can damage the skin including: abrasions, lacerations, rupture injuries, punctures, and penetrating wounds. Many wounds are superficial requiring local first aid including cleansing and dressing. Some wounds are deeper and need medical attention to prevent infection and loss of function, due to damage to underlying structures like bone, muscle, tendon, arteries and nerves. The purpose of medical care for wounds is to prevent complications and preserve function. While important, cosmetic results are not the primary consideration for wound repair.

Wounds occur when the skin is broken or damaged because of injury. The skin can be damaged in a variety of ways depending upon the mechanism of injury. Inflammation is the skin's initial response to injury.

Superficial (on the surface) wounds and abrasions leave the deeper skin layers in tact. These types of wounds are usually caused by friction rubbing against an abrasive surface. Deep abrasions (cuts or lacerations) go through all the layers of the skin and into underlying tissue like muscle or bone.

Puncture wounds are usually caused by a sharp pointed object entering the skin. Examples of puncture wounds include a needle stick, stepping on a nail, or a stab wound with a knife. Human and animal bites can be classified as puncture wounds, abrasions, or a combination of both. Most wounds can be treated at home with routine first aid including thorough washing and dressing

To prevent infection. Some of the following are reasons podiatrist or medical professional should be obtained for a wound:

  • If the wound is due to significant force or trauma and other injures are be present.
  • If bleeding cannot be stopped even with persistent pressure and elevation.
  • If there is concern that wound requires repair with sutures (stitches). The size and location of the wound are important considerations.
  • If the wound is caused by an animal bite.
  • If the wound is very dirty and cannot be easily cleaned.
  • If there is evidence of infection including redness, swelling, increased pain, and pus at the wound.
  • If tetanus immunizations are not up to date, then a booster is needed within 48 hours. If the patient has never been immunized, the initial tetanus prevention with immunoglobulin should be given immediately.

Our best podiatrists will make certain that there is no associated injury with the wound and that the risk of infection is minimized. Good cosmetic appearance with a thin scar is also a goal, but it is not necessarily the most important goal.

If you have any of these symptoms, call us at Southeast Podiatry to make an appointment with Dr. Brent Harwood or Dr. Bradford Egly.

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